Rehabilitation is concerned with restoring musculoskeletal function in patients with sub acute, chronic, recurrent and post operative conditions. Rehabilitation attempts to prevent or manage disability through functional restoration, work hardening, and psychosocial intervention. The basic goal of rehabilitation is to return the individual back to their baseline functioning. Neuro-musculoskeletal rehabilitation is composed of three basic phases. Phase 1 or the “acute” phase focuses on stabilization of the injured part, pain control, promotion of soft tissue healing, and the reduction of inflammation or swelling.
Phase 2 or the subacute / recover phase focuses on restoring physiologic capabilities such as flexibility, range of motion, muscular strength, muscular endurance, proprioception, and cardiovascular endurance.
Phase 3 or functional restoration focuses on the transition back to sport, leisure activity, or work.